Also known Golfer’s elbow (Medial/inner aspect) and Tennis elbow (Lateral/outside aspect)
What is it?
Epicondilitis is inflammation of the tendons that attach to the elbow, the wrist flexors and extensors attach here and can get aggravated from over use/repetitive actions.
How does it occur?
It is an over use of the muscles that allow your fingers and wrists to bend (Golfer’s elbow) or fingers and wrists to extend (Tennis elbow).
The tendons can become inflamed from activities that are repetitive and cause their point of attachment to be pulled at causing stressed in the area, symptoms can be exacerbated by gripping, twisting, or sustained wrist flexor muscle contraction.
What are the symptoms?
Golfer’s elbow is pain on the inner aspect of the elbow and pain can occur when you make a fist.
Tennis elbow is pain on the outer aspect of the elbow and worsening of the pain when you try to extend your wrist against resistance.
Epicondylitis is usually diagnosed by the description of pain you provide to your physician and certain findings from a physical exam, such as pain on gripping objects or shaking hands.
- Rest and avoid any activity that causes pain.
- Apply ice to the affected area.
- Take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen- Speak to your GP
- Cortizone can be injected into the sore area by your doctor.
- Physiotherapy- For exercises to stretch and strengthen the muscles in the area.
- Massage Therapy- To release tight muscles in the arm to help reduce the stress been place on the tendons at the attachment of the elbow.
- Ergonomic assessment- change your desk and mouse set up if this is a factor.
Return to Sport/Activities
Once you are pain free you can return to your normal function.
Ensure your grip is at full strength before going back to competitive tennis or golf.
If you go back too soon you may worsen your injury and cause long standing damage.
Ensuring you do not overdo any activity, especially when you have pain is important.
Strengthening the muscles in the arms and wrists will help to stop the tendons been pulled on and stretching regularly after exercise will keep the muscles at the correct length to function efficiently.
Regular massage will help to break down any scar tissue that has formed and keep the muscles well aligned so they can complete daily tasks without becoming painful.